Beaux Arts architecture

Beaux Arts was a grand and elaborate style of architecture taught at the Ecole de Beaux Arts in Paris. The school was established in the Napoleonic era to perpetuate artistic principles that would dominate French architecture for over 250 years (~1650-1920). Beaux Arts emphasized Greek and Roman structures. Identifying features include wall surfaces with decorative garlands, floral patterns, or shields; facade with quoins, pilasters, or columns (usually paired and with Ionic or Corinthian capitals); walls of masonry (usually smooth, light-colored stone); first-story typically rusticated (exaggerated stonework joints); and a symmetrical facade. Roof-line balustrades and balustraded window balconies are common. Classical quoins, pilasters and columns are almost universal.

17th CentThe Ecole was established to monitor painting, sculpture and architecture.
1667-80East facade of the Louvre.
1846RIchard Morris Hunt is first American to attend the Ecole. Later Americans include Louis Sullivan, H H Richardson, John Stewardson, Bernard Maybeck, Addison Mizner, Julia Morgan, John Mervin Carrére and Thomas Hastings.
1874Paris Opera (1861-74).
1876Memorial Hall (1875-6, Hermann J Schwarzmann) at the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia
Late 19th CentBy the end of the 19th century, Beaux Arts had declined in popularity.
1902Carrére and Hastings designed Whitehall in Palm Beach, Florida.
1913New York's Grand Central Terminal (1903-13, Reed and Stem; Warren and Westmore).
1907A C Bliss House in Washington DC
1914F W Striebinger's Tremaine-Gallagher House
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