Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)

An adenosine-derived nucleotide, C10H16N5O13P3, that contains high-energy phosphate bonds and is used to transport energy […]


Auxotrophs are unable to synthesize all their own biomolecules (nutrients, such as amino acids). For […]

Cell metabolism

Nitrogen FixationNitrogenaseN2 + 8H → 2NH3 + H2 NitrificationNH3 + O2 + 2H+ + 2e- […]


Hydrogenosomes metabolize carbohydrates into ATP and H2. Metabolism in the hydrogenosome is similar to anaerobic […]


Methanogens are obligate anaerobic archaea that either consume or produce CO2, producing CH4. Methanotrophs consume […]


Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and its relative nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP) are two of […]

Nitrogen fixation

To isolate an aerobic N2 fixer, plate soil with a nitrogen sources (ammonia), O2 and […]


Glycerate 3-phosphate (GP) or 3-phosphoglycerate (3PG) is a biochemically significant 3-carbon molecule that is a […]

Pyruvate (pyruvic acid)

Pyruvic acid (pyruvate) can undergo any of three fates following glycolysis. In anaerobic conditions, alcoholic […]

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