Antibodies (aka immunoglobulin or Ab) are produced by B cells and specifically bind to antigens […]

Antibody isotypes

There are several different isotypes of heavy chain constant regions, broken into classes and subclasses. […]

Antibody structure

One problem with the study of antibodies was that they are heterogenous. For example, an […]


Antigens are foreign bio-organic molecules that interact with B cells (via antibodies) and T cells […]

Antigen-antibody reactions

Antibodies bind to antigens in a reversable non-covalent manner via hydrogen bonds, ionic bonds, hydrophobic […]

F(c) Receptors

The various F(c) Receptors are organized by the type of antibody they bind -- F(c)γ […]

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