Clay tokens

Originally discovered in the ancient Mesopotamian city of Uruk, clay tokens and their accessory, the […]

Mesopotamian art

A ruler's claim to divinity can be expressed in three ways: his name may be […]

Mesopotamian developments

Halaf Society Art & ArchitecturePottery decoration: frontal bucrania; walking horned animals; schematic humans; rosettes and […]

Mesopotamian literature

The bulk of discovered Mesopotamian literature comes from the Old Babylonian period, and much of […]

Mesopotamian stamps and seals

Seals were oftentimes passed on as heirloom items making them difficult for dating. Uruk Epoch […]

Mesopotamian women

Women were economically dependent on men (Leick 2007, p 173). Women in domestic households were […]

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