Britain invades Mesopotamia

Outbreak of WarOctober 1914Outbreak of war between Ottoman Empire and Great Britain. Shortly thereafter, the […]

Ottoman Conquest of Mesopotamia

1514The Ottoman conquest of العراق Iraq began as an outgrowth of a religious war between […]

Ottoman Reconquest of Mesopotamia

Ottoman Re-ConquestEarly 19th CentDirect Ottoman rule was reimposed, and reforms were instated, spearheaded by Midhat […]

احمد شفیق مدحت پاشا Ahmed Şefik Midhat Pasha

مدحت پاشا Midhat Pasha instituted reforms which fell into three areas: administrative reorganization; settlement of […]

Privacy Policy