Acid-base chemistry

With strong acids and bases, they dissociate completely and you do not have to worry […]

Aqueous strong acid or base

Find the pH of a strong acid> To find the pH of .2M HClaq, first […]

Atoms & Elements

Atoms contain a nucleus. This nucleus contains positively charged protons and neutral neutrons. It is […]


Carbocations are carbons which have 3 substituents. This means that they carry a ⊕ charge. […]

Chemical Kinetics

ΔG = -n ℱ ΔE = - R T ln K'eq = - R T […]

Dielectric Constant

The dielectric constant (ε, Greek epsilon) is a property of a solvent. It is a […]

Free Radicals

Free radicals are species with one or more unpaired electrons. They can be generated by […]


Nucleophiles have an excess of electrons. They desire protons, and share electrons. Nucleophilicity is determined […]


Stereoisomers are molecules with the same chemical bonds but different configurations, which cannot be interconverted […]


Water is stable Liquid water is essential for life because it provides stability and richness. […]

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