Checks and Balances Against Congress

The executive branch exercises the most important means of checking Congress: veto power. A presidential […]

Committee Structure of Congress

There are three ways that committees aid Congress' functionality: Division of labor. This aids in […]

Congress' enumerated military powers

To declare War Grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal (low level declaration of war) Make […]

Drawing Congressional Districts

Reapportionment is the allocation of seats in the House of Representatives to each state after […]

Duties of the House and Senate

Duties of the House and Senate are apportioned by the US Constitution. Enumerated powers are […]


A non-majoritarian feature in the U.S. Senate is extended debate (filibuster). Senators can talk about […]

Four Functions of Congress

Congress has four functions: lawmaking; representation; constituent services; and oversight. Lawmaking Congress is given the […]

Incumbent Advantages

Incumbents seeking reelection in Congress have several advantages over other candidates. Sources of the incumbent […]

Members of Congress

People elected -- and re-elected -- to Congress are usually lawyers, businesspeople and educators. Women […]

United States Congress

After the Articles of Confederation failed, the founders wanted to create a federal government with […]

United States House of Representatives

The House of Representatives is a majoritarian institution with 435 members each serving 2 year […]

United States Senate

Organization The Senate consists of 100 Senators (two per state) each serving six-year terms. Most […]

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