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La VentaComments
parentMesoamérica
siblingsAmantecayotlAztecEx-convento San Miguel Arcángel, HuejotzingoJosé Guadalupe PosadaMayaSan Agustín, AcolmanSan Francisco de Asís, San Andrés CalpanSan Miguel Arcángel, IxmiquilpanTeotihuacanTikalVeracruz

La Venta

Earliest sign of an organized society was at La Venta, in modern-day Tabasco.

Developed teosinte grass into maize. Used psilocybe, hallucinogens thought to enable visions of the future. Used pumque from cactus.

Basic shaman architecture is a hut on a platform. Basis for Maya's sacred place atop ziggurat. Mesoamerican layouts will always be fixed along a north-south axis.

Great Pyramid and Ball Court, la Venta
Olmec, c 1000 - 600 BC

Colossal Head, la Venta, Olmec, c 900 - 400 BC
"Part por todo" → one part speaks for the entire body.
Made of basalt, a volanic rock from Tushlo mountains.

Jade axe head
https://www.britishmuseum.org/explore/highlights/highlight_objects/aoa/j/jade_votive_axe.aspx
Heads that incorporate human and feline qualities and a cleft that babies have and also cats and other animals. Not just cleft, but earth splits apart to shoot out maize.

Altar, now known as throne
http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/vent3/hd_vent3.htm