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Mausoleum at Halikarnassos

By Levi Clancy for Student Reader on

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The Mausoleum at Halikarnassos was the tomb of Karian governor Maussolos, serving as the etymological root of the modern word for a monumental tomb. The Mausoleum was designed by Pytheos and Satyros. Mausollos may have overseen its early construction but died before its completion. Its construction continued until (perhaps after) his sister-wife Artemisia's death in 351 BC.

Roman writer Pliny the Elder described the Mausoleum at Halikarnassos as having a peristyle of 36 columns and a stepped pyramid roof crowned with a marble quadriga, giving the structure a height of 140ft. The high podium is a Lykian aesthetic; the pyramid an Egyptian style; and the overall design Ionian Greek.