By Levi Clancy for Student Reader on
- Neo-Assyrian Empire
- 668 - 627 BCAssyrian king Ashurbanipal
- 704 - 681 BCAssyrian king Sennacherib
- 721 - 705 BCAssyrian king Sargon II
- 744 - 727 BCAssyrian king Tiglath-Pileser III
- 754 - 745 BCAssyrian king Ashur-Nirari V
- 810 - 783 BCAssyrian king Adad-Nirari III
- 824 - 811 BCAssyrian king Shamshi-Adad V
- 853 - 824 BCAssyrian king Shalmaneser III
- 883 - 859 BCAssyrian king Ashurnasirpal II
- 934 - 912 BCAssyrian king Ashur-Dan II
Assyrian king Sargon II (721-705 BC) completed the siege of Samaria begun by Tiglath-Pileser III and continued by Shalmaneser V. Israelites were deported to Gozan (modern tel-Hallath, in the Habur), Media (in modern Iran) and Dur Sharruken. Sargon II had established a new capital at Dur Sharrukin (modern Khorsabad) to replace Nimrud, which had been the capital since the early 9th century BC. Sargon II's queen was named Atalia.
In addition to taking Samaria, Sargon II trekked to Tarsus and Malatya on the Anatolian plateau. After conquering Canaan, Sargon II went eastward to enter modern-day Turkey, Iranian highlands, and Elamite territory. However, Sargon II grew weary of conquering and re-conquering vassals and adopted a no good vassal but a dead vassal policy. He abolished local dynasties and ruled Assyrian territories with the efficient social and military organization developed by Tiglath-Pilezer III.
Sargon II recaptured and exiled the populations of the civilizations that collapsed under Assyrian pressure (2 Kings 17:6 and the annals of Sargon).