By Levi Clancy for Student Reader on
- Agricultural Revolution
- Axis Mundi
- Clemente Ciuli
- Cognitive Revolution
- Greek and Roman mythos
- Henry Hornbostel
- Imagined reality
- Imago Mundi
- Lambert Sustris
- Mousterian Industry
- Religious Canon
- Sacred vs Non-sacred
- Secondary Products Revolution
- Semitic languages
- الإسلام ☾ Islam
Beaux Arts was a grand and elaborate style of architecture taught at the Ecole de Beaux Arts in Paris.
The school was established in the Napoleonic era to perpetuate artistic principles that would dominate French architecture for over 250 years (~1650-1920). Beaux Arts emphasized Greek and Roman structures. Identifying features include wall surfaces with decorative garlands, floral patterns, or shields; facade with quoins, pilasters, or columns (usually paired and with Ionic or Corinthian capitals); walls of masonry (usually smooth, light-colored stone); first-story typically rusticated (exaggerated stonework joints); and a symmetrical facade. Roof-line balustrades and balustraded window balconies are common. Classical quoins, pilasters and columns are almost universal.
The Ecole was established to monitor painting, sculpture and architecture.
East facade of the Louvre.
RIchard Morris Hunt is first American to attend the Ecole. Later Americans include Louis Sullivan, H H Richardson, John Stewardson, Bernard Maybeck, Addison Mizner, Julia Morgan, John Mervin Carrére and Thomas Hastings.
Paris Opera (1861-74).
Memorial Hall (1875-6, Hermann J Schwarzmann) at the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia
Late 19th century
By the end of the 19th century, Beaux Arts had declined in popularity.
Carrére and Hastings designed Whitehall in Palm Beach, Florida.
New York's Grand Central Terminal (1903-13, Reed and Stem; Warren and Westmore).
A C Bliss House in Washington DC
F W Striebinger's Tremaine-Gallagher House