名字 NamesComments
parent中文 Chinese
siblingsChinese studiesCommunicationCountry and language中國 China populations代名詞 Pronouns商店 Stores天氣 / 天气 weather季節 / 季节 Seasons學校 / 学校 School家人 Family工作 Work數字 Numbers旅行 Travel是 shì 、很 hěn 、得 dě時候 / 时候 Time普通话: Activities and invitations普通话一 Mandarin 1普通话二 Mandarin 2漢字 / 汉字 hànzì生日 Birthday and age色 Color衣服 Clothes錢 / 钱 Money飯館 / 饭馆 Restaurant餐 Meals

名字 Names

A surname and a personal name are each longer than two syllables. A name in total is no more than four syllables.

姓 xìng

名字 míngzì
First name

叫 jiào
Call, shout, be called.

你 叫 什么 名字?
Nǐ jiào shénme míngzi?
(You called what first-name?)
This is how to ask somebody's first name. It is very rare to use somebody's first name along unless the relationship is extremely intimate (ie, lovers, close relatives) so they will respond with their last and first names.

My name is __

Your name is __

Is your name __ ?

I am named __

Family name

The surname cannot be spoken/written alone. It must be accompanied by a title; or in informal relationships, the personal name.

王 Wáng
Character is thought to represent the king as axis between the ehavens, earth and underworld.

高 Gāo

李 Lǐ
Character is a boy and a tree -- the fruit of the tree.

金 Jin/Kim/Kam

白 Bái

Personal name

興 / 兴 Xìng

朋 Péng

友 Yoǔ
Character is two hands holding.

英 Yīng

爱 ài


In Chinese, the surname precedes the title. Chen-xiansheng refers to Mr. Chen.

先生 xiānshēng / xiānsheng
Mister / teacher / husband

太太 tàitài
Married woman (missus)

小姐 xiǎojiě
Unmarried woman (miss)

你 姓 什么? Nǐ xìng shénme?
(You surname what?)
This is how to ask somebody's last name.