A surname and a personal name are each longer than two syllables. A name in total is no more than four syllables.
Call, shout, be called.
你 叫 什么 名字?
Nǐ jiào shénme míngzi?
(You called what first-name?)
This is how to ask somebody's first name. It is very rare to use somebody's first name along unless the relationship is extremely intimate (ie, lovers, close relatives) so they will respond with their last and first names.
My name is __
Your name is __
Is your name __ ?
I am named __
The surname cannot be spoken/written alone. It must be accompanied by a title; or in informal relationships, the personal name.
Character is thought to represent the king as axis between the ehavens, earth and underworld.
Character is a boy and a tree -- the fruit of the tree.
興 / 兴 Xìng
Character is two hands holding.
In Chinese, the surname precedes the title. Chen-xiansheng refers to Mr. Chen.
先生 xiānshēng / xiānsheng
Mister / teacher / husband
Married woman (missus)
Unmarried woman (miss)
你 姓 什么? Nǐ xìng shénme?
(You surname what?)
This is how to ask somebody's last name.