Student Reader

餐 Meals

Mandarin I

chī to eat

吃 chī (eat) is an ideogram: 口 kǒu (mouth); and 乞 qǐ (beg).

fàn rice, meal
  • 早飯 早饭 zǎofàn (n) breakfast
  • 午飯 午饭 wǔfàn (n) lunch
  • 晚飯 晚饭 wǎnfàn dinner, supper
cài cuisine

菜 cài originally meant vegetable, but now refers generally to food/cuisine. 菜 cài is an ideogram: 艹 cǎo (grass radical); 手/扌(hand radical); and 木 mù (tree). That is, a hand picking a vegetable.

餅乾 cookie, biscuit cracker
餐廳 餐厅 cāntīng (n) dining room; cafeteria
hē to drink
shui water
cha tea
咖啡 kafei coffee
  • bing (n) ice (adj) iced
  • lěng (adj) cold; room temperature
  • rè (adj) hot

冰茶 bīngchá is iced tea, 冰氺 bīngshui is iced water, and so on. 冷氺 is cool water at room temperature.

ping bottle, and measure word for bottles
bei cup, and measure word for cups

http://www.latimes.com/entertainment/arts/culture/la-et-cm-chinese-chicken-cup-auction-20140408,0,4013458.story#axzz2yQ3sRUhd

普通话拼音English
Ni xihuan chi shenme cai?
Ni xihuan chi zhonguo cai ma?

Mandarin II

饿 è (adj) hungry
kě (adj) thirsty
pán (n) plate; dish (m-w for dishes, servings)
wǎn (n) bowl
酸辣湯酸辣汤 suānlàtāng (n) hot and sour soup
  • suān (adj) sour
  • là (adj) spicy; hot
  • tāng (n) soup
餃子饺子 jiǎozi (n) dumpling (with vegetable or meat filling)
青菜 qīngcài (n) green/leafy vegetable
白菜 báicài (n) Chinese cabbage (n) bok choy (n) napa cabbage
豆腐 dòufu (n) tofu; bean curd
ròu (n) meat
sù (adj) vegetarian (adj) made from vegetables
家常 jiācháng (n) home-style
味精 wèijīng (n) MSG
yán (n) salt
fàng (v) to put, to place
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