餐 Meals

By Levi Clancy for Student Reader on
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Mandarin I



chī
to eat

吃 chī (eat) is an ideogram: 口 kǒu (mouth); and 乞 qǐ (beg).




fàn
rice, meal
  • 早飯
    早饭
    zǎofàn
    (n) breakfast

  • 午飯
    午饭
    wǔfàn
    (n) lunch

  • 晚飯
    晚饭
    wǎnfàn
    dinner, supper



cài
cuisine

菜 cài originally meant vegetable, but now refers generally to food/cuisine. 菜 cài is an ideogram: 艹 cǎo (grass radical); 手/扌(hand radical); and 木 mù (tree). That is, a hand picking a vegetable.


餅乾
cookie, biscuit
cracker

餐廳
餐厅
cāntīng
(n) dining room; cafeteria



to drink


shui
water


cha
tea

咖啡
kafei
coffee

  • bing
    (n) ice
    (adj) iced


  • lěng
    (adj) cold; room temperature



  • (adj) hot

冰茶 bīngchá is iced tea, 冰氺 bīngshui is iced water, and so on. 冷氺 is cool water at room temperature.



ping
bottle, and measure word
for bottles

bei
cup, and measure word
for cups

http://www.latimes.com/entertainment/arts/culture/la-et-cm-chinese-chicken-cup-auction-20140408,0,4013458.story#axzz2yQ3sRUhd

普通话拼音English
Ni xihuan chi shenme cai?
Ni xihuan chi zhonguo cai ma?

Mandarin II


饿
è
(adj) hungry



(adj) thirsty


pán
(n) plate; dish
(m-w for dishes, servings)


wǎn
(n) bowl

酸辣湯酸辣汤
suānlàtāng
(n) hot and sour soup

  • suān
    (adj) sour



  • (adj) spicy; hot


  • tāng
    (n) soup


餃子饺子
jiǎozi
(n) dumpling
(with vegetable or meat filling)


青菜
qīngcài
(n) green/leafy vegetable

白菜
báicài
(n) Chinese cabbage

(n) bok choy
(n) napa cabbage

豆腐
dòufu
(n) tofu; bean curd


ròu
(n) meat



(adj) vegetarian
(adj) made from vegetables


家常
jiācháng
(n) home-style

味精
wèijīng
(n) MSG


yán
(n) salt


fàng
(v) to put, to place