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餐 Meals

Mandarin I

chī
to eat

吃 chī (eat) is an ideogram: 口 kǒu (mouth); and 乞 qǐ (beg).

fàn
rice, meal
  • 早飯早饭zǎofàn
    (n) breakfast

  • 午飯午饭wǔfàn
    (n) lunch

  • 晚飯晚饭wǎnfàn
    dinner, supper

cài
cuisine

菜 cài originally meant vegetable, but now refers generally to food/cuisine. 菜 cài is an ideogram: 艹 cǎo (grass radical); 手/扌(hand radical); and 木 mù (tree). That is, a hand picking a vegetable.

餅乾cookie, biscuit
cracker
餐廳餐厅cāntīng
(n) dining room; cafeteria

to drink
shui
water
cha
tea
咖啡kafei
coffee
  • bing
    (n) ice
    (adj) iced

  • lěng
    (adj) cold; room temperature


  • (adj) hot

冰茶 bīngchá is iced tea, 冰氺 bīngshui is iced water, and so on. 冷氺 is cool water at room temperature.

ping
bottle, and measure word
for bottles
bei
cup, and measure word
for cups

http://www.latimes.com/entertainment/arts/culture/la-et-cm-chinese-chicken-cup-auction-20140408,0,4013458.story#axzz2yQ3sRUhd

普通话拼音English
Ni xihuan chi shenme cai?
Ni xihuan chi zhonguo cai ma?

Mandarin II

饿è
(adj) hungry

(adj) thirsty
pán
(n) plate; dish
(m-w for dishes, servings)
wǎn
(n) bowl
酸辣湯酸辣汤suānlàtāng
(n) hot and sour soup
  • suān
    (adj) sour


  • (adj) spicy; hot

  • tāng
    (n) soup

餃子饺子jiǎozi
(n) dumpling
(with vegetable or meat filling)

青菜qīngcài
(n) green/leafy vegetable
白菜báicài
(n) Chinese cabbage
(n) bok choy
(n) napa cabbage
豆腐dòufu
(n) tofu; bean curd
ròu
(n) meat

(adj) vegetarian
(adj) made from vegetables

家常jiācháng
(n) home-style
味精wèijīng
(n) MSG
yán
(n) salt
fàng
(v) to put, to place