Student Reader

Christianity

Early Christianity

Christianity superseded from Judaism.

Rise of Christology: 200-400 BC

Christians are part of New Testament -- should Hebrew Bible even be included in the canon? Marcion argues that God always seems angry, in a bad mood, in the OT. He emphasizes these parts where god is merciful. Then in the NT god has freedom and love, is no longer moody. So he is like OK lets just get rid of the OT. Then anti-marcionism alleges that ot is fundamental to Christianity because it has early depictions of Jesus early types of Jesus. Binding of Isaac in genesis 2 resembles how nt describes Jesus as God's son taken to the cross and sacrificed for the sins of the world. Christians will begin to look at Jerusalem as the epitome of: the two hills, eastern hill and western hill, with Jewish temple on eastern hill destroyed in seventy common era, but from a Christian perspective the Jewish temple remained in ruins even though a temple to Jupiter was erected over it, and the western hill has used to y Christians to build a new Jerusalem that overlooks upon he second temple ruins. this is the perfect context for the old covenant new covenent relationship.

Constantine

Holy archaeology would lay bare the physical roots of their faith and enable them to build literally on these ancient foundations. A new Christian identity was also in the process of being constructed. The second aspect of this building project was less positive. The creation of the new Christianity involved the dismantling of paganism, eloquently symbolized by the destruction of Aphrodite's temple. The demolition took on the character of a ritual purification. Paganism was "filth": every last trace of the temple was to be obliterated, the materials cast out of the city, and even the soil beneath transported to a "far distant spot" because "it had been polluted by the defilements of pagan worship." The new birth of Christianity involved the rooting out and undermining of paganism, which had the very ground cut from beneath it.Armstrong, p 180
The position of the Jews seemed hopeless. The Christians had appropriated their Scriptures, called themselves the new Israel, and had now set about annexing the Jews’ Holy City through an imperially funded building program. “Why do you take what is ours,” asked a Jew during a debate with Christians, “and make it your own?” Armstrong, p 193

Augustine

He wrote the Sentences.

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