Cyprus

By Levi Clancy for Student Reader on
updated

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Neolithic (7000-3900 BC)

The first inhabitants likely came from the Near East.

CultureTimeDescription

Khirokitia

7000-6000 BC

Khirokitia Culture developed with the arrival of the first settlers.

Sotira

4600-4000 BC

The Sotira Culture included the first handmade pottery in Cyprus.

Chalcolithic (4000-2500 BC)

CultureTimeDescription

Erimi

Erimi Culture included the earliest metal objects in Cyprus.

Transitional (2600-2300 BC)

CultureTimeDescription

Philia

Arrival of settlers from Anatolia.

Bronze Age (2300-1050 BC)

PeriodTimeDescription

Early Bronze Age

2300-1900 BC

A wave of immigration came to Cyprus from the South Anatolian coasts.

Middle Bronze Age

1900-1650 BC

Cypriot trade flourished with the East and the West.

Late Bronze Age

1650-1050 BC

Cypriot-Egyptian, -Near Eastern and -Greek trading links were firmly established.

Greek Immigration

1100 BC

A huge influx of Greek immigrants arrived, transforming Cypriot culture.

Iron Age (1050-650 BC)

Also known as the Geometric Period, the Iron Age was a recension for Cyprus.
PeriodTimeDescription

Phoenician Immigration

Mid-9th century BC

A Phoenician colony was founded, and a wave of Phoenician immigrants transformed Cypriot culture.

Archaic Period (750-475 BC)

The Archaic Period was an era of foreign rule.
PeriodTimeDescription

Assyria

709-669 BC

Assyrians were the first of a series of powers to rule Cyprus after the first half of the Iron Age.

Egypt

570/60-545 BC

Persia

545-333 BC

The Persians attacked Cypriot cities at 498 BC.

Classical Era (475-326 BC)

Evagoras I of Salamia (411-374/3 BC) rebelled against Persian rule.

Macedonian Rule (332 BC)

Cyprus was conquered by Alexander the Great.
PeriodTimeDescription

Greek Territory

294 BC

Cyprus became a territory ruled by one of Alexander's generals, Ptolemy I of Egypt.

Cleopatra VII Rule

47-30 BC

Roman Rule (27 BC)

After first encountering the Romans in 58 BC, Cyprus became a Roman province in 27 BC.
PeriodTimeDescription

East Roman Rule

AD 395

Cyprus fell under East Roman rule when the Roman Empire partitioned into the East Roman and West Roman Empires.