Neolithic (7000-3900 BC)
The first inhabitants likely came from the Near East.
||Khirokitia Culture developed with the arrival of the first settlers.|
||The Sotira Culture included the first handmade pottery in Cyprus.|
Chalcolithic (4000-2500 BC)
||Erimi Culture included the earliest metal objects in Cyprus.|
Transitional (2600-2300 BC)
||Arrival of settlers from Anatolia.|
Bronze Age (2300-1050 BC)
|Early Bronze Age
||A wave of immigration came to Cyprus from the South Anatolian coasts.|
|Middle Bronze Age
||Cypriot trade flourished with the East and the West.|
|Late Bronze Age
||Cypriot-Egyptian, -Near Eastern and -Greek trading links were firmly established.|
||A huge influx of Greek immigrants arrived, transforming Cypriot culture.|
Iron Age (1050-650 BC)
Also known as the Geometric Period, the Iron Age was a recension for Cyprus.
||Mid-9th century BC
||A Phoenician colony was founded, and a wave of Phoenician immigrants transformed Cypriot culture.|
Archaic Period (750-475 BC)
The Archaic Period was an era of foreign rule.
||Assyrians were the first of a series of powers to rule Cyprus after the first half of the Iron Age.|
||The Persians attacked Cypriot cities at 498 BC.|
Classical Era (475-326 BC)
Evagoras I of Salamia (411-374/3 BC) rebelled against Persian rule.
Macedonian Rule (332 BC)
Cyprus was conquered by Alexander the Great.
||Cyprus became a territory ruled by one of Alexander's generals, Ptolemy I of Egypt.|
|Cleopatra VII Rule
Roman Rule (27 BC)
After first encountering the Romans in 58 BC, Cyprus became a Roman province in 27 BC.
|East Roman Rule
||Cyprus fell under East Roman rule when the Roman Empire partitioned into the East Roman and West Roman Empires.|