By Levi Clancy for Student Reader on
Neolithic (7000-3900 BC)
The first inhabitants likely came from the Near East.
Khirokitia Culture developed with the arrival of the first settlers.
The Sotira Culture included the first handmade pottery in Cyprus.
Chalcolithic (4000-2500 BC)
Erimi Culture included the earliest metal objects in Cyprus.
Transitional (2600-2300 BC)
Arrival of settlers from Anatolia.
Bronze Age (2300-1050 BC)
Early Bronze Age
A wave of immigration came to Cyprus from the South Anatolian coasts.
Middle Bronze Age
Cypriot trade flourished with the East and the West.
Late Bronze Age
Cypriot-Egyptian, -Near Eastern and -Greek trading links were firmly established.
A huge influx of Greek immigrants arrived, transforming Cypriot culture.
Iron Age (1050-650 BC)
Also known as the Geometric Period, the Iron Age was a recension for Cyprus.
Mid-9th century BC
A Phoenician colony was founded, and a wave of Phoenician immigrants transformed Cypriot culture.
Archaic Period (750-475 BC)
The Archaic Period was an era of foreign rule.
Assyrians were the first of a series of powers to rule Cyprus after the first half of the Iron Age.
The Persians attacked Cypriot cities at 498 BC.
Classical Era (475-326 BC)
Evagoras I of Salamia (411-374/3 BC) rebelled against Persian rule.
Macedonian Rule (332 BC)
Cyprus was conquered by Alexander the Great.
Cyprus became a territory ruled by one of Alexander's generals, Ptolemy I of Egypt.
Cleopatra VII Rule
Roman Rule (27 BC)
After first encountering the Romans in 58 BC, Cyprus became a Roman province in 27 BC.
East Roman Rule
Cyprus fell under East Roman rule when the Roman Empire partitioned into the East Roman and West Roman Empires.