siblingsAncient IsraelAram DamascusBronze Age LevantChalcolithic LevantCrusadesDomestication, agriculture and horticulture in the LevantEdomHerod the GreatIron Age LevantLevant terrainNeolithic LevantPhilistinesPilgrim flasksSamaritanSyro-Palestinian corridor in the 9th century BC


Phoenicians inherited and carried on Canaanite traditions.

IvoryThose at Megiddo show a strong Phoenician influence.
MetalIncluding bowls and jewelry.
GlassAttractive Phoenician glass.
CeramicsMushroom-lipped jars. Weights (aka shekel).

A tophet (aka Phoenician tophet) was a type of Phoenician cemetery for infants (2 Kings 23:10). Many tophets, including the 7th/6th century tophet at Carthage, contained hundreds of infants. This may be correlated to the Phoenician practice of sacrificial infanticide that was practiced in times of utter duress and is attested in 2 Kings 21:6 as being performed by Judean king Manesseh.

Phoenician Shipwrecks

Philadelphia Youth Village shipwreck

Ma'agan Mikha'el Shipwreck
The Ma'agan Mikha'el Shipwreck was a late 5th century BC shipwreck found 35 km south of Haifa. It was built of Aleppo pine, was 13m long and had a hull 4m wide. Cargo and items aboard: 70 ceramic items (some basket-handle store jars, cooking pot, mortaria, oil lamps, jugs, juglets, cups), carved wooden boxes, shipwright’s toolkit, woven basket, rope, food remains (grapes, olives, barley), and metal objects (incense scoop and nails).

Shavei Zion Shipwreck
The Shavei Zion Shipwreck was a 5th century BC shipwreck found off the coast of Shavei Zion that originated from southern Phoenician coast. Cargo: hundreds of clay female cultic figurines many with the sign of Tanit and others Cargo: hundreds of clay, female cultic figurines, many with the sign of Tanit and others with other iconography common to Carthage; pottery, African elephant tusk.