普通话二 Mandarin 2

By Levi Clancy for Student Reader on
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The curriculum is below.
Ability

音樂會音乐会

Electronics
正在 zhèngzài
  • 正在

  • 的時候的时候

一邊一边 yībiān
  • 一邊一边

就 jiù
如果 rúguǒ, 的話的话 dehuà
衣服 Clothing
色 Color
除了 chúle… 以外 yǐwài…
一樣一样 yīyàng
雖然虽然 suīrán
  • 雖然虽然

但是 dànshì

Often used along with 雖然虽然 when forming sentences.

  • 但是

商店 Stores
  • 商店

  • 東西东西

  • 收貨員收货员

  • 顧人顾人

  • 樣子样子

  • 不用

  • 賣完卖完

  • 便宜

Money
  • 一共

  • 多少

  • 付錢
    付钱

  • 刷卡

  • 信用卡

不過不过
旅行 Travel
PlacesLearn two more place names.
季節季节 Seasons
先 … 再
或者 huòzhě
  • 或者

  • 還是还是

hái
Topic-comment
天氣天气 weather
别 bié
不但 bùdàn … 而且 érqiě …
比 bǐ
又 yòu
Food and drink
  • 餃子饺子

  • 家常

  • 豆腐

  • 酸辣湯酸辣汤

  • 味精

  • 白菜

  • 青菜

  • 饿

飯館饭馆 Restaurant
  • 飯館(兒)饭馆(儿)

  • 服務員服务员

  • 服務服务

  • 桌子

  • 点菜

  • 點菜点菜

  • 上菜

  • 位子

gāng
剛才刚才 gāngcái gangcaizaizher (he was just here a little while ago)
gangcai, gang can also be used as ganggang
些 xiē
gòu
好像 hǎoxiàng
Bu = constant; vs Mei = past tense with a verb. Mei mai / mei you mai
zhanqian = make money
Wo hen xihuanzhegexuexiao
hui hen leng
hui xiaxue
zenmezhemeduo? (why much many?)
jiwei = how many seats?
Si (four) sounds like si(dipping) which is death so it is considered bad luck to say
wo de qian bu guo (My money is not sufficient = I do not have enough money
yigejiaozi = one order of dumpling, not just one dumpling
要是 = if
Regulative verb endingXiecuo
Xiedui
cuo = (n) mistake (adj) wrong
Yangzi river
Campus
  • 教室

  • 宿舍

  • 中心

  • 圖書館图书馆

  • 書店书店

Communication


shàng
(v) to go (slang)


聽說
听说
tīngshuō
(v) to be told; to hear of

運動
运动
yùndòng
(n) sports
Directions

旁邊
旁边
pángbiān
(n) side


jìn
(adj) near



yuǎn
(adj) far




(prep) away-from

中間
中间
zhōngjiān
(n) middle

裏邊
里边
lǐbian
(n) inside
Orientation
Measure words

New measure words have been introduced throughout this curriculum. Review them below.

Additional vocabulary

怎麼了=wgat gappenedd?
會 mv will
公園 n park
滑冰 vo to ice skate
剛才 r just now a momrbt ago
更 adv even mire
辧 v to handle, to fo
碟 n dusc; dmall plate, dush, sayce
一頂一顶 (conj) another



活動
活动
huódòng
(n) activity

地方
dìfāng
(n) place

洗澡
xǐzǎo
(v-o) to shower/bathe


piān
m.w. for essays,
articles, etc

課文
课文
kèwén
(n) lesson; section of a text

日記
日记
rìjì
(n) diary


lèi
(adj) tired

起床
起床
qǐchuáng
(v-o) to get up

Note that 起床 is a verb-object, so when referring to the past tense you would say 起了床.



chuáng
(n) bed

希望
xīwàng
(v) to hope; (n) hope


xiào
(v) to laugh at; to laugh;
to smile


zhù
(v) to wish (well)

發音
发音
fāyīn
(n) pronunciation


xīn
(adj) new



ràng
(v) to allow somebody;
to cause somebody

不好意思
bùhǎoyìsi
to feel embarrassed


měi
(pr) every; each

城市
chéngshì
(n) city

特別
tèbié
(adv) especially

緊張
紧张
jǐnzhāng
(adj) nervous; anxious

自己
zìjǐ
(pr) oneself

快樂
快乐
kuàilè
(adj) happy

新年
xīnnián
(n) new year

那麼
那么
nàme
(pr) indicating degree;
so, such

好玩兒
好玩儿
hǎowár
(adj) fun, amusing,
interesting



yuē
(v) to make an appointment

出去
chūqù
(vc) to go out

非常
fēicháng
(adv) very, extremely,
exceedingly

糟糕
zāogāo
(adj) in a terrible mess;
so terrible

面試
面试
miànshì
(v) to interview
(n) interview

回去
huíqù
(vc) to go back; to return

舒服
shūfú
(adj) comfortable
























Time words


以前
yǐqián
(t) before

已經
已经
yǐjīng
(adv) already

最近
zuìjìn
(t) recently

  • zuì
    (adv) most, -est


  • jìn
    (adj) close, near


後來
后来
hòulái
(t) later

Ability




huì
(av) can; know how to

音樂會
音乐会
yīnyuèhuì
(n) concert


néng
(av) can; able to; permitted


yòng
(v) to use

語法语法 Grammar


(正)在
(zhèng)zài

In spoken and written form, 正 is optional and can be ommitted.

Event + deshihou + zhengzai + Another event
Two events happening at the same time.

Also, 正 is used for counting because it has exactly five strokes.

Similar to English speakers drawing four line and crossing them with the fifth, 正 is used the same way.


一邊
一边
yībiān
(adv) simultaneously


jiù
then

When nothing happens between two consecutive events, then 就 is appropriate. An excellent writeup: link


如果… 的話, …
如果… 的话, …
rúguǒ… dehuà, …

如果condition的話的话(就)result

The 就 is optional, and in fact 的話 and 的话 can be as well if the meaning is clear from the sentence.


除了… 以外…
chúle... yǐwài...
(conj)

Note that 除了 does not exactly mean because, as it is only for events that already happened.


一樣
一样
yīyàng
same; alike
Using 一樣一样 shows that two entities are just as much of a certain quality or adjective; they are equally expensive, cheap, etc.

一樣一样 does not indicate that one entity or the other is to a greater or lesser degree; it indicates that they are equally so. Adding 不 before 一樣一样 means that they are unequally so, but does not clarify which one is more or less.

A (noun)aspect (noun)跟/和B (noun)一樣一样
這雙鞋这双鞋大小那雙那双一樣一样
A (noun)跟/和B (noun)一樣一样adjective
Zhegejiaoshi跟/和nagejiaoshibuyiyangda
Zhegejiaoshi跟/和nagejiaoshibuyiyangda

Zhegejiaoshi 跟/和 nagejiaoshi buyiyang da (This classroom and that classroom are the same size.) Zhegejiaoshi 跟/和 nagejiaoshi buyiyang da (This classroom and that classroom are not the same size.)


雖然
虽然
suīrán
(conj) although

但是
dànshì
(conj) but


tǐng
very; rather

不過
不过
bùguò
(conj) however; but


zài
(adv) again

或者
huòzhě
(conj) or
或者 vs 還是还是.
或者 and 還是还是 both mean or but they are used differently, depending on whether the sentence is a question or a statement. 還是还是 is used for questions, while 或者 is for statements.



hái
(conj) or; more


bié

不但... 而且...
bùdàn... érqiě...
(conj) not only... but also...

When using 不但 and 而且, the 而且 is mandatory but 不但 is optional.




(prep) (v) to compare
The basic pattern for 比 contrasts one entity to another.

ABadjective
There are two ways to modify this pattern: adding an adverb before the adjective, or a modifying expression after the adjective.

You can place 更 or before the adjective; this simply reiterates that A is more than B. Alternatively, you can use a modifying expression after the adjective: use either 的多 or 多了 to indicate much more, or 一點兒一点儿 to indicate a little more.

ABadjective
ABadjective
ABadjective一點兒一点儿
ABadjective一點兒一点儿
ABadjective的多
ABadjective多了
比 is not the same as 一樣一样 yīyàng.

一樣一样 yīyàng does not indicate which entity is more or less than the other: 一樣一样 yīyàng only states that A is equal or unequal to B in a particular aspect. On the other hand, 比 indicates that A is more than B.



yòu
(adv) again


gāng
(adv) just

剛才刚才
gāngcái
(adv) just


xiē
some
(m-w for an indefinite amount)


gòu
(adj) enough

好像
hǎoxiàng
(v) to seem; to be like