The curriculum is below.
|如果 rúguǒ, 的話的话 dehuà|
|除了 chúle… 以外 yǐwài…|
Often used along with 雖然虽然 when forming sentences.
|Places||Learn two more place names.|
|先 … 再|
|不但 bùdàn … 而且 érqiě …|
|Food and drink|
|剛才刚才 gāngcái||gangcaizaizher (he was just here a little while ago) gangcai, gang can also be used as ganggang|
|Bu = constant; vs Mei = past tense with a verb. Mei mai / mei you mai zhanqian = make money Wo hen xihuanzhegexuexiao hui hen leng hui xiaxue zenmezhemeduo? (why much many?) jiwei = how many seats? Si (four) sounds like si(dipping) which is death so it is considered bad luck to say wo de qian bu guo (My money is not sufficient = I do not have enough money yigejiaozi = one order of dumpling, not just one dumpling 要是 ＝ if|
|Regulative verb ending||Xiecuo Xiedui cuo = (n) mistake (adj) wrong|
聽說 听说 tīngshuō (v) to be told; to hear of
運動 运动 yùndòng (n) sports
旁邊 旁边 pángbiān (n) side
近 jìn (adj) near
遠 远 yuǎn (adj) far
離 离 lí (prep) away-from
中間 中间 zhōngjiān (n) middle
裏邊 里边 lǐbian (n) inside
New measure words have been introduced throughout this curriculum. Review them below.
會 mv will
公園 n park
滑冰 vo to ice skate
剛才 r just now a momrbt ago
更 adv even mire
辧 v to handle, to fo
碟 n dusc; dmall plate, dush, sayce
一頂一顶 (conj) another
Note that 起床 is a verb-object, so when referring to the past tense you would say 起了床.
- 最 zuì (adv) most, -est
- 近 jìn (adj) close, near
In spoken and written form, 正 is optional and can be ommitted.
Event + deshihou + zhengzai + Another event
Two events happening at the same time.
Also, 正 is used for counting because it has exactly five strokes.
Similar to English speakers drawing four line and crossing them with the fifth, 正 is used the same way.
When nothing happens between two consecutive events, then 就 is appropriate. An excellent writeup: link
The 就 is optional, and in fact 的話 and 的话 can be as well if the meaning is clear from the sentence.
Note that 除了 does not exactly mean because, as it is only for events that already happened.
Using 一樣一样 shows that two entities are just as much of a certain quality or adjective; they are equally expensive, cheap, etc.
一樣一样 does not indicate that one entity or the other is to a greater or lesser degree; it indicates that they are equally so. Adding 不 before 一樣一样 means that they are unequally so, but does not clarify which one is more or less.
|A (noun)||aspect (noun)||跟/和||B (noun)||一樣一样|
|A (noun)||跟/和||B (noun)||一樣一样||adjective|
Zhegejiaoshi 跟/和 nagejiaoshi buyiyang da (This classroom and that classroom are the same size.) Zhegejiaoshi 跟/和 nagejiaoshi buyiyang da (This classroom and that classroom are not the same size.)
或者 vs 還是还是.或者 and 還是还是 both mean or but they are used differently, depending on whether the sentence is a question or a statement. 還是还是 is used for questions, while 或者 is for statements.
When using 不但 and 而且, the 而且 is mandatory but 不但 is optional.
The basic pattern for 比 contrasts one entity to another.
There are two ways to modify this pattern: adding an adverb before the adjective, or a modifying expression after the adjective.
You can place 更 or 還还 before the adjective; this simply reiterates that A is more than B. Alternatively, you can use a modifying expression after the adjective: use either 的多 or 多了 to indicate much more, or 一點兒一点儿 to indicate a little more.
比 is not the same as 一樣一样 yīyàng.
一樣一样 yīyàng does not indicate which entity is more or less than the other: 一樣一样 yīyàng only states that A is equal or unequal to B in a particular aspect. On the other hand, 比 indicates that A is more than B.