普通话二 Mandarin 2

By Levi Clancy for Student Reader on
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The curriculum is below.
Ability

音樂會音乐会

Electronics
正在 zhèngzài
  • 正在

  • 的時候的时候

一邊一边 yībiān
  • 一邊一边

就 jiù
如果 rúguǒ, 的話的话 dehuà
衣服 Clothing
色 Color
除了 chúle… 以外 yǐwài…
一樣一样 yīyàng
雖然虽然 suīrán
  • 雖然虽然

但是 dànshì

Often used along with 雖然虽然 when forming sentences.

  • 但是

商店 Stores
  • 商店

  • 東西东西

  • 收貨員收货员

  • 顧人顾人

  • 樣子样子

  • 不用

  • 賣完卖完

  • 便宜

Money
  • 一共

  • 多少

  • 付錢付钱

  • 刷卡

  • 信用卡

不過不过
旅行 Travel
PlacesLearn two more place names.
季節季节 Seasons
先 … 再
或者 huòzhě
  • 或者

  • 還是还是

hái
Topic-comment
天氣天气 weather
别 bié
不但 bùdàn … 而且 érqiě …
比 bǐ
又 yòu
Food and drink
  • 餃子饺子

  • 家常

  • 豆腐

  • 酸辣湯酸辣汤

  • 味精

  • 白菜

  • 青菜

  • 饿

飯館饭馆 Restaurant
  • 飯館(兒)饭馆(儿)

  • 服務員服务员

  • 服務服务

  • 桌子

  • 点菜

  • 點菜点菜

  • 上菜

  • 位子

gāng
剛才刚才 gāngcái gangcaizaizher (he was just here a little while ago)
gangcai, gang can also be used as ganggang
些 xiē
gòu
好像 hǎoxiàng
Bu = constant; vs Mei = past tense with a verb. Mei mai / mei you mai
zhanqian = make money
Wo hen xihuanzhegexuexiao
hui hen leng
hui xiaxue
zenmezhemeduo? (why much many?)
jiwei = how many seats?
Si (four) sounds like si(dipping) which is death so it is considered bad luck to say
wo de qian bu guo (My money is not sufficient = I do not have enough money
yigejiaozi = one order of dumpling, not just one dumpling
要是 = if
Regulative verb endingXiecuo
Xiedui
cuo = (n) mistake (adj) wrong
Yangzi river
Campus
  • 教室

  • 宿舍

  • 中心

  • 圖書館图书馆

  • 書店书店

Communication


shàng
(v) to go (slang)

聽說听说tīngshuō
(v) to be told; to hear of
運動运动yùndòng
(n) sports
Directions
旁邊旁边pángbiān
(n) side
jìn
(adj) near
yuǎn
(adj) far

(prep) away-from
中間中间zhōngjiān
(n) middle
裏邊里边lǐbian
(n) inside
Orientation
Measure words

New measure words have been introduced throughout this curriculum. Review them below.

Additional vocabulary

怎麼了=wgat gappenedd?
會 mv will
公園 n park
滑冰 vo to ice skate
剛才 r just now a momrbt ago
更 adv even mire
辧 v to handle, to fo
碟 n dusc; dmall plate, dush, sayce
一頂一顶 (conj) another

活動活动huódòng
(n) activity
地方dìfāng
(n) place
洗澡xǐzǎo
(v-o) to shower/bathe
piān
m.w. for essays,
articles, etc
課文课文kèwén
(n) lesson; section of a text
日記日记rìjì
(n) diary
lèi
(adj) tired
起床起床qǐchuáng
(v-o) to get up

Note that 起床 is a verb-object, so when referring to the past tense you would say 起了床.

chuáng
(n) bed
希望xīwàng
(v) to hope; (n) hope
xiào
(v) to laugh at; to laugh;
to smile
zhù
(v) to wish (well)
發音发音fāyīn
(n) pronunciation
xīn
(adj) new
ràng
(v) to allow somebody;
to cause somebody
不好意思bùhǎoyìsi
to feel embarrassed
měi
(pr) every; each
城市chéngshì
(n) city
特別tèbié
(adv) especially
緊張紧张jǐnzhāng
(adj) nervous; anxious
自己zìjǐ
(pr) oneself
快樂快乐kuàilè
(adj) happy
新年xīnnián
(n) new year
那麼那么nàme
(pr) indicating degree;
so, such
好玩兒好玩儿hǎowár
(adj) fun, amusing,
interesting
yuē
(v) to make an appointment
出去chūqù
(vc) to go out
非常fēicháng
(adv) very, extremely,
exceedingly
糟糕zāogāo
(adj) in a terrible mess;
so terrible
面試面试miànshì
(v) to interview
(n) interview
回去huíqù
(vc) to go back; to return
舒服shūfú
(adj) comfortable

Time words

以前yǐqián
(t) before
已經已经yǐjīng
(adv) already
最近zuìjìn
(t) recently
  • zuì
    (adv) most, -est

  • jìn
    (adj) close, near

後來后来hòulái
(t) later

Ability

huì
(av) can; know how to
音樂會音乐会yīnyuèhuì
(n) concert
néng
(av) can; able to; permitted
yòng
(v) to use

語法语法 Grammar

(正)在(zhèng)zài

In spoken and written form, 正 is optional and can be ommitted.

Event + deshihou + zhengzai + Another event
Two events happening at the same time.

Also, 正 is used for counting because it has exactly five strokes.

Similar to English speakers drawing four line and crossing them with the fifth, 正 is used the same way.

一邊一边yībiān
(adv) simultaneously
jiù
then

When nothing happens between two consecutive events, then 就 is appropriate. An excellent writeup: link

如果… 的話, …如果… 的话, …rúguǒ… dehuà, …
如果condition的話的话(就)result

The 就 is optional, and in fact 的話 and 的话 can be as well if the meaning is clear from the sentence.

除了… 以外…chúle... yǐwài...
(conj)

Note that 除了 does not exactly mean because, as it is only for events that already happened.

一樣一样yīyàng
same; alike
Using 一樣一样 shows that two entities are just as much of a certain quality or adjective; they are equally expensive, cheap, etc.

一樣一样 does not indicate that one entity or the other is to a greater or lesser degree; it indicates that they are equally so. Adding 不 before 一樣一样 means that they are unequally so, but does not clarify which one is more or less.

A (noun)aspect (noun)跟/和B (noun)一樣一样
這雙鞋这双鞋大小那雙那双一樣一样
A (noun)跟/和B (noun)一樣一样adjective
Zhegejiaoshi跟/和nagejiaoshibuyiyangda
Zhegejiaoshi跟/和nagejiaoshibuyiyangda

Zhegejiaoshi 跟/和 nagejiaoshi buyiyang da (This classroom and that classroom are the same size.) Zhegejiaoshi 跟/和 nagejiaoshi buyiyang da (This classroom and that classroom are not the same size.)

雖然虽然suīrán
(conj) although
但是dànshì
(conj) but
tǐng
very; rather
不過不过bùguò
(conj) however; but
zài
(adv) again
或者huòzhě
(conj) or
或者 vs 還是还是.
或者 and 還是还是 both mean or but they are used differently, depending on whether the sentence is a question or a statement. 還是还是 is used for questions, while 或者 is for statements.
hái
(conj) or; more
bié
不但... 而且...bùdàn... érqiě...
(conj) not only... but also...

When using 不但 and 而且, the 而且 is mandatory but 不但 is optional.


(prep) (v) to compare
The basic pattern for 比 contrasts one entity to another.
ABadjective
There are two ways to modify this pattern: adding an adverb before the adjective, or a modifying expression after the adjective.

You can place 更 or before the adjective; this simply reiterates that A is more than B. Alternatively, you can use a modifying expression after the adjective: use either 的多 or 多了 to indicate much more, or 一點兒一点儿 to indicate a little more.

ABadjective
ABadjective
ABadjective一點兒一点儿
ABadjective一點兒一点儿
ABadjective的多
ABadjective多了
比 is not the same as 一樣一样 yīyàng.

一樣一样 yīyàng does not indicate which entity is more or less than the other: 一樣一样 yīyàng only states that A is equal or unequal to B in a particular aspect. On the other hand, 比 indicates that A is more than B.

yòu
(adv) again
gāng
(adv) just
剛才刚才gāngcái
(adv) just
xiē
some
(m-w for an indefinite amount)
gòu
(adj) enough
好像hǎoxiàng
(v) to seem; to be like