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سۆرانی Sorani KurdishComments

سۆرانی Sorani Kurdish

The two most widely spoken dialects of Kurdish are Sorani and Kurmanji. Other dialects spoken by smaller numbers are Hawrami (also known as Gorani) and Zaza. As the Region’s Kurdish-language media has developed and the population has moved, today nearly all people in the Kurdistan Region can speak or understand both of the major dialects. The Kurdistan Regional Government’s policy is to promote the two main dialects in the education system and the media. Also, schools have been established that teach mainly in Assyrian Neo-Aramaic, Chaldean Neo-Aramaic, Turkmen and Arabic.

Amazing resource! http://ferbun.com/Details.aspx?id=108

Sorani Kurdish Sorani Kurdish is written in Arabic script and spoken in the cities of Hawler and Suleimani.
Kurmanji Kurdish Kurmanji Kurdish is written in Latin and spoken in Dohuk.
Hawrami (Gorani) Kurdish هەورامان Hawrami
Zaza Kurdish
Non-Kurdish languages spoke by Kurdish people.
Arabic In addition to Sorani and Kurmanji, Arabic is an official language and is widely used.
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic
Turkmani

Kurdish phrasebook

The suffix خانەی khana/khanay means house, shop or house of -- so chaikhana means a tea-house, ئەنتیکەخانەی قەڵا antikakhana is an antique shop, and a barber shop, and so on.

English Sorani سۆرانی Kurmanji
Hello Rozh-bash Rozh-bash
Goodbye Khwa-hafees Khwa-hafees
Good morning Beyanee(t)-bash به‌یانیت باش Beyanee-bash
Good evening/afternoon Ewara bash پاش نیوه‌ڕۆت باش
Good evening Ewara bash ئێواره‌ت باش
Good night Shaw bash
Good day Roj bash
Yes Aa/Bale Aa/Balay
No Na Na
OK Bale Balay/Arey
Mr. Ahmed Kak Ahmed
Mister Kaka
Miss/Mrs. Shareen Shareen Khan
Welcome! Bakher Beyt Be kher hati
Excuse me Ba yarmateet
Please Zahmat nabe. Bey Zahmat
Thank You Shpas Supas/Mamnoon
Thank you very much Zoshpas Zoshpas
You're welcome Shayani niya
Ser chaw
Ser Chaava
With pleasure Sar chaw
How are you? Choni? Chaawayi?
Are you well? Bashee? Bashee?
I'm fine, thank you. Bashem, supas. Bashem, supas.
What's your name? Naw-et cheeya? Nav-ey ta cheeya?
My name is John. Naw-em John-ah. Nev-ey min John-ah.
Do you speak English? Inglizi ezani?
I don't speak Kurdish. Kurdi nazanm.
How much is this? Ama ba chanda?
What would you like to drink? Chee dakhoy? Chi vadkhui?
Tea [without sugar] Chai [bey shakir] Chai [bey shakir]
Where is the bazaar? Bazaar le chweya? Bazaar la kidareya?
Where is the Khanzad Hotel? Otel Khanzad la chweya? Otel Khanzad la kidareya?
I am going to the hotel. Amere promo bo hotel.

References

ferbun.com ferbun.com Useful greetings.
ferbun.com
asking
http://ferbun.com/Details.aspx?id=17 http://ferbun.com/Details.aspx?id=18 http://ferbun.com/Details.aspx?id=19 http://ferbun.com/Details.aspx?id=20 Stories
http://ferbun.com/Details.aspx?id=21 http://ferbun.com/Details.aspx?id=22 http://ferbun.com/Details.aspx?id=23 http://ferbun.com/Details.aspx?id=27 http://ferbun.com/Details.aspx?id=28 http://ferbun.com/Details.aspx?id=29 http://ferbun.com/Details.aspx?id=30 http://ferbun.com/Details.aspx?id=31 http://ferbun.com/Details.aspx?id=32 http://ferbun.com/Details.aspx?id=33 http://ferbun.com/Details.aspx?id=34 ... http://ferbun.com/Details.aspx?id=59 Readers, dialogue, jokes
http://ferbun.com/Details.aspx?id=24 Verbs
http://ferbun.com/Details.aspx?id=60 Accepting food and drink
http://ferbun.com/Details.aspx?id=61 Asking about time/place
http://ferbun.com/Details.aspx?id=62 Interview

Note that Kurdish has no gender, except with different names for male or female animals, so unlike in Arabic the suffix –a or –at does not necessarily connote a feminine.

باش
good
bash

سوپاس
thank you
supas

چۆنی

سوپاس بۆ خزمەتت
thank you for all

بەخێربێیت / بەخێربێن
you're welcome

نەزانی کوردی؟
Don't you know Kurdish?
nazani kurdi?

ێەزانم
I know
azanem

چی یە
What?

(من) زۆر بەداخەوەم
zor badahawamI am very sorry.

(من) زۆر دڵخۆشم.
I am very happy.

بمبە خشە.
Excuse me.

ناوت چییە؟
nawt chiya?What’s your name?

ناوم ___.
nawm ___.My name is ___.

ناوی چییە؟
nawi chiya?What’s his name?

ناوی ___.
nawi ___.His name is.

وەرە ئێرە.
wara era.Come here.

دەستخۆش
dastkhoshWell done!
(For anything to do with hands.)

___ بۆ فرۆشتن
___ for sale


Izafa: of

The izafa is an unstressed vowel ی added directly to a word to mean of.
Adjectives

Vocabulary: Places

گۆڕ
grave

گۆڕستان
Graveyard

گۆڕیچە
Tomb

پارەگۆڕ
Money-changer

Pronouns

Verbs

پێ
root for “to tell”

دە
root for “to see”

to read

to eat

Verb suffixes

There are verb suffixes based on the subject and object.
Verb Subject English Kurdi Example
First-person singular I من ___-م من دەخوێنم (I read) / من دەخۆم (I eat) / من دەبینم (I see)
Second-person singular you تۆ ___-یت تۆ دەخوێنیت (you read) / تۆ دەخۆیت (you eat) / تۆ دەبینیت (you see)
Third-person singular she / he / it ئەو ___-ێت ئەو دەخوێنێت (she / he / it reads) / ئەو دەخوات (she / he / it eats) / ئەو دەبینێ (she / he / it sees)
First-person plural we ئێمە ___-ین ئێمە دەبینین (we see) / ئێمە دەخوین (we eat) / ئێمە دەبینین (we see)
Second-person plural you all ئێوە ___-ن ئێوە دەخوێنن(you all read) / ئێوە دەبینن (you all see)
Third-person plural they ئەوان ___-ن ئەوان دەخوێنن(they read) / ئەوان دەبینن (they see)
Verb object English Kurdi Example
First-person singular me پێم بلێ (tell me) /بم نێرە (send to me)
Second-person singular you پێت دەڵێم (tell you) / بت نێرە (send to you)
Third-person singular her / him / it پێی بڵێ (tell her / him / it) / بی نێرە (send to her / him / it)
First-person plural us -مان پێمان بڵێ (tell us) / بمان نێرە (send to us)
Second-person plural you all -تان پێتان دەڵێم(tell you all) / بتان نێرە (send to you all)
Third-person plural them -یان پێیان بڵێ (tell them) / بیان نێرە (send to them)
These subject and object suffixes are used together with the verb first, followed by the object suffix, and finally the subject prefix.
subject only object only subject + object
من دەبینم (I see) دەت (see you) دەتبینم (I see you)
من دەبینم (I see) دەتان (see you all) دەتانبینم (I see you all)
من دەبینم (I see) دەیان (see them) من دەیانبینم (I see them)
تۆ دەبینیت (you see) دەم (see me) تۆ دەمبینی (you see me)
ئەو دەبینێ (she / he sees) دەی (see her / him) ئەو دەیبینێ (she / he sees her / him)
ئەو دەبینێ (she / he sees) دەمان (see us) ئەو دەمانبینێ (she / he sees us)