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subpagesNounsخانە khanaستان stanسۆرانی Sorani Kurdish numbersسۆرانی Sorani Kurdish numbersسۆرانی Sorani Kurdish timeسۆرانی Sorani pronouns

سۆرانی Sorani Kurdish

The two most widely spoken dialects of Kurdish are Sorani and Kurmanji. Other dialects spoken by smaller numbers are Hawrami (also known as Gorani) and Zaza. As the Region’s Kurdish-language media has developed and the population has moved, today nearly all people in the Kurdistan Region can speak or understand both of the major dialects. The Kurdistan Regional Government’s policy is to promote the two main dialects in the education system and the media. Also, schools have been established that teach mainly in Assyrian Neo-Aramaic, Chaldean Neo-Aramaic, Turkmen and Arabic.

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Sorani KurdishSorani Kurdish is written in Arabic script and spoken in the cities of Hawler and Suleimani.
Kurmanji KurdishKurmanji Kurdish is written in Latin and spoken in Dohuk.
Hawrami (Gorani) Kurdishهەورامان Hawrami
Zaza Kurdish
Non-Kurdish languages spoke by Kurdish people.
ArabicIn addition to Sorani and Kurmanji, Arabic is an official language and is widely used.
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic
Turkmani

Kurdish phrasebook

The suffix خانەی khana/khanay means house, shop or house of -- so chaikhana means a tea-house, ئەنتیکەخانەی قەڵا antikakhana is an antique shop, and a barber shop, and so on.

EnglishSoraniسۆرانیKurmanji
HelloRozh-bashRozh-bash
GoodbyeKhwa-hafeesKhwa-hafees
Good morningBeyanee(t)-bashبه‌یانیت باشBeyanee-bash
Good evening/afternoonEwara bashپاش نیوه‌ڕۆت باش
Good eveningEwara bashئێواره‌ت باش
Good nightShaw bash
Good dayRoj bash
YesAa/BaleAa/Balay
NoNaNa
OKBaleBalay/Arey
Mr. AhmedKak Ahmed
MisterKaka
Miss/Mrs. ShareenShareen Khan
Welcome!Bakher BeytBe kher hati
Excuse meBa yarmateet
PleaseZahmat nabe.Bey Zahmat
Thank YouShpasSupas/Mamnoon
Thank you very muchZoshpasZoshpas
You're welcomeShayani niya
Ser chaw
Ser Chaava
With pleasureSar chaw
How are you?Choni?Chaawayi?
Are you well?Bashee?Bashee?
I'm fine, thank you.Bashem, supas.Bashem, supas.
What's your name?Naw-et cheeya?Nav-ey ta cheeya?
My name is John.Naw-em John-ah.Nev-ey min John-ah.
Do you speak English?Inglizi ezani?
I don't speak Kurdish.Kurdi nazanm.
How much is this?Ama ba chanda?
What would you like to drink?Chee dakhoy?Chi vadkhui?
Tea [without sugar]Chai [bey shakir]Chai [bey shakir]
Where is the bazaar?Bazaar le chweya?Bazaar la kidareya?
Where is the Khanzad Hotel?Otel Khanzad la chweya?Otel Khanzad la kidareya?
I am going to the hotel.Amere promo bo hotel.

References

ferbun.comferbun.comUseful greetings.
ferbun.com
asking
http://ferbun.com/Details.aspx?id=17
http://ferbun.com/Details.aspx?id=18
http://ferbun.com/Details.aspx?id=19
http://ferbun.com/Details.aspx?id=20
Stories
http://ferbun.com/Details.aspx?id=21
http://ferbun.com/Details.aspx?id=22
http://ferbun.com/Details.aspx?id=23
http://ferbun.com/Details.aspx?id=27
http://ferbun.com/Details.aspx?id=28
http://ferbun.com/Details.aspx?id=29
http://ferbun.com/Details.aspx?id=30
http://ferbun.com/Details.aspx?id=31
http://ferbun.com/Details.aspx?id=32
http://ferbun.com/Details.aspx?id=33
http://ferbun.com/Details.aspx?id=34
...
http://ferbun.com/Details.aspx?id=59
Readers, dialogue, jokes
http://ferbun.com/Details.aspx?id=24Verbs
http://ferbun.com/Details.aspx?id=60Accepting food and drink
http://ferbun.com/Details.aspx?id=61Asking about time/place
http://ferbun.com/Details.aspx?id=62Interview

Note that Kurdish has no gender, except with different names for male or female animals, so unlike in Arabic the suffix –a or –at does not necessarily connote a feminine.

باشgood
bash

سوپاسthank you
supas

چۆنی

سوپاس بۆ خزمەتتthank you for all

بەخێربێیت / بەخێربێنyou're welcome

نەزانی کوردی؟Don't you know Kurdish?
nazani kurdi?

ێەزانمI know
azanem

چی یەWhat?

(من) زۆر بەداخەوەمzor badahawamI am very sorry.

(من) زۆر دڵخۆشم.I am very happy.

بمبە خشە.Excuse me.

ناوت چییە؟nawt chiya?What’s your name?

ناوم ___.nawm ___.My name is ___.

ناوی چییە؟nawi chiya?What’s his name?

ناوی ___.nawi ___.His name is.

وەرە ئێرە.wara era.Come here.

دەستخۆشdastkhoshWell done!
(For anything to do with hands.)

___ بۆ فرۆشتن___ for sale

Izafa: of

The izafa is an unstressed vowel ی added directly to a word to mean of.
Adjectives

Vocabulary: Places

گۆڕ
grave

گۆڕستان
Graveyard

گۆڕیچە
Tomb

پارەگۆڕ
Money-changer

Pronouns

Verbs

پێ
root for “to tell”

دە
root for “to see”

to read

to eat

Verb suffixes

There are verb suffixes based on the subject and object.
Verb SubjectEnglishKurdiExample
First-person singularIمن ___-ممن دەخوێنم (I read) / من دەخۆم (I eat) / من دەبینم (I see)
Second-person singularyouتۆ ___-یتتۆ دەخوێنیت (you read) / تۆ دەخۆیت (you eat) / تۆ دەبینیت (you see)
Third-person singularshe / he / itئەو ___-ێتئەو دەخوێنێت (she / he / it reads) / ئەو دەخوات (she / he / it eats) / ئەو دەبینێ (she / he / it sees)
First-person pluralweئێمە ___-ینئێمە دەبینین (we see) / ئێمە دەخوین (we eat) / ئێمە دەبینین (we see)
Second-person pluralyou allئێوە ___-ن ئێوە دەخوێنن(you all read) / ئێوە دەبینن (you all see)
Third-person pluraltheyئەوان ___-ن ئەوان دەخوێنن(they read) / ئەوان دەبینن (they see)
Verb objectEnglishKurdiExample
First-person singularmeپێم بلێ (tell me) /بم نێرە (send to me)
Second-person singularyouپێت دەڵێم (tell you) / بت نێرە (send to you)
Third-person singularher / him / itپێی بڵێ (tell her / him / it) / بی نێرە (send to her / him / it)
First-person pluralus-مانپێمان بڵێ (tell us) / بمان نێرە (send to us)
Second-person pluralyou all-تان پێتان دەڵێم(tell you all) / بتان نێرە (send to you all)
Third-person pluralthem-یانپێیان بڵێ (tell them) / بیان نێرە (send to them)
These subject and object suffixes are used together with the verb first, followed by the object suffix, and finally the subject prefix.
subject onlyobject onlysubject + object
من دەبینم (I see)دەت (see you)دەتبینم (I see you)
من دەبینم (I see)دەتان (see you all)دەتانبینم (I see you all)
من دەبینم (I see)دەیان (see them)من دەیانبینم (I see them)
تۆ دەبینیت (you see)دەم (see me)تۆ دەمبینی (you see me)
ئەو دەبینێ (she / he sees)دەی (see her / him)ئەو دەیبینێ (she / he sees her / him)
ئەو دەبینێ (she / he sees)دەمان (see us)ئەو دەمانبینێ (she / he sees us)