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Knighthood

Knights were professional soldiers who served their lords. A knight did not necessarily come from a wealthy or noble family. In return for military service, the knight received land and peasants. Knights subscribed to the cult of chivalry, which combined humility, courtesy, bravery, success in battle and devotion to the ideal of love. Troubadour poets in the south of France developed romances, stories of heroes or lovers. Romance spread the concept of chivalry throughout Europe; in England, it was formalized by the creation of the Order of the Garter in 1348.