account_circle Log in
add Create
cancel Log out
settings Settings
Email address


Incumbent Advantages

By Levi Clancy for Student Reader on

▶︎ View related▼︎ Tap to hide

Incumbents seeking reelection in Congress have several advantages over other candidates. Sources of the incumbent advantage include:

  1. Raise more money than challengers

  2. Franking privileges

  3. Constituency service (Case work)

  4. Helping the district

    1. “Pork” (Money secured for projects in districts)

    2. “Ear marks” (Money inserted into large bills without attribution)

  5. Drawing Congressional Districts