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By Levi Clancy for Student Reader on

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Φόρκυς Phorkys was a son of Pontus and Gaia.


Phorkys's monstrous children, and the monsters which they in turn generated, would later test the mettle of the heroes Bellerophon, Perseus, Theseus and especially Herakles, all of whom would win undying fame and honour by ridding the world of such dangerous creatures. Edmund Spenser, in the Faerie Queene, appositely calls Phorkys 'the father of that fatal brood / By whome those old Heroes wonne such fame'. (March 2008, p 39)
Γραῖαι GraiaiThere were three: Enyo, Pemphredo and Deino, though Hesiod only mentions the first two.
Γοργών GorgonsThere were three: Stheno, Euryale and Medusa.

Her upper body was of a beautiful woman, but her lower half was a speckled snake. She dwelt in a subterranean lair, eating raw flesh. She mated with Typhon to produce a troop of monsters:

KerberosMulti-headed dog guarding the Underworld.
Lernaean HydraA serpent capable of sprouting new heads.
ChimairaThree-headed beast (lion at the front; goat at the middle; and the rest, snake).

Echidna mated with Orthos or Typhon (it is unclear) to produce these offspring:

SphinxPlagued Thebes with her famous riddle.
Nemean LionHis hide was impervious to weapons.
LadonThe serpent who guarded the Hesperides' golden apples. Sometimes claimed to be a child of Echidna and Typhon, or of Echidna and Orthos.