Assyrian King List

By Levi Clancy for Student Reader on
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Shamshi-Adad I, the first Assyrian king known via his own inscriptions, recorded 38 prior kings and organized them as shown below.

#Group & OrderKingSon OfDescription

1-17

Kings Living in Tents
Chronological

Ushipya
Apiashal


Ushipya

The first twelve ancestors are the same as Hammurabi of Babylon. Hammurabi had Amorite ancestry, so these twelve ancestors shared between Assyrian and Babylonian must have been nomadic chieftains from before Amorites emerged from the western desert, split apart and settled Mesopotamia in ~2,000 BC. Ilu-Kabkabi, Shamshi-Adad's father, is linked to this line through Apiashal son of Ushpiya. Shamshi-Adad included these undifferentiated ancestors, interjecting his own father a little later, to demonstrate that he was from an old line of ancestral chieftains and thus had legitimately usurped the Assyrian throne.

17-26

Kings Who Were Ancestors
Genealogical

Amnu
Ilu-kabkabi
Yazkur-ilu
Apiashal

Ilu-kabkabi
Yazkur-ilu
Yakmeni
Ushipya

Most recent kings are named first, then backward through ancestory.

27-32

Kings With Unknown Eponyms

Suli
Kikkiya
Akiya
Puzur-Ashur I
Shalim-ahum
Ilu-shuma

Amnu

33-38

Kings With Names on Bricks

Erishum I
Ikunum
Sargon I
Puzur-Ashur II
Naram-Suen
Erishum II

Illu-shuma
Illu-shuma
Ikunum
Sargon
Puzur-Ashur
Naram-Suen

This way people know who built the buildings. Later scribes must have gone around Nineveh and found some sort of old bricks with inscriptions.

39

Shamshi-Adad

Ilu-kabkadi

Continue to the timeline of Assyria.

Studies

Hagens, G. (2005). The Assyrian King List and Chronology: A Critique. Orientalia, 74(1), nova series, 23-41. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/43076931